Driver Risks Associated With Hypertension:
Hypertension alone is unlikely to cause sudden collapse; however, hypertension is a potent risk factor for the development of more serious cardiovascular disease (CVD), peripheral vascular disease, and chronic renal insufficiency. BP greater than or equal to 140/90 is deemed high for most individuals without other significant cardiovascular risk factors.
In individuals ranging from 40 to 89 years of age, for every 20 mm Hg systolic or 10 mm Hg diastolic increase in BP, there is a doubling of mortality from both ischemic heart disease and stroke. The relationship between BP and risk of a CVD event is continuous, consistent, and independent of other risk factors. Both elevated systolic and diastolic BP are risk factors for coronary heart disease (CHD).
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