Commercial Drivers at Greater Risk for Developing Hypertension
Once in the profession, commercial motor vehicle (CMV) drivers have a greater propensity to develop hypertension than their peers in other professions. The Cardiovascular Advisory Panel Guidelines for the Medical Examination of Commercial Motor Vehicle Drivers includes data from Ragland, et al., demonstrating that the percentage of drivers with hypertension increased from 29% in drivers with fewer than 10 years of driving experience, to 32% in drivers with 10-20 years of experience, and to 39% in drivers with more than 20 years of driving experience. As the years of experience rise, part of the increase in hypertension may relate to accompanying aging, increase in body mass, or decline in physical activity.
Effective Treatment Reduces Risk
High BP can be a modifiable CVD risk factor. Lifestyle modification and pharmacotherapy are the mainstays of antihypertensive treatment regimens. Effective hypertension management reduces cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. The Chicago Heart Association Detection Project in Industry found that antihypertensive therapy reduces the incidence of stroke, myocardial infarction, and heart failure.
Contemporary medical therapies are effective in lowering BP, reducing complications, and are generally regarded as safe.